The number of medications available to treat glaucoma is increasing. Many of the older agents are still available, so GPs need to know how the new ones fit in.
- Patients who are aged over 40 years should be screened for glaucoma if they have any of the following risk factors: a family history of glaucoma, myopia, systemic hypertension, or diabetes.
- Blindness caused by glaucoma is largely preventable. Although the visual damage is not reversible, it can usually be halted.
- The key strategy for treating glaucoma is lowering the intraocular pressure. Topical drug therapy is usually the first management option tried.
- Instructing patients in techniques to reduce the rate of systemic absorption of any topical ophthalmic drug will help to reduce the incidence of adverse events