Improvements in medical treatment and better risk factor control, particularly of smoking and hypertension, have decreased the rates of mortality and morbidity associated with coronary heart disease.
- Coronary heart disease (CHD) remains a major cause of death and disability in Australia.
- There have been more than 100 risk factors for CHD defined.
- More than 90% of CHD risk can be attributed to nine modifiable risk factors.
- Absolute risk assessment can be determined using New Zealand Guidelines Group or Framingham risk charts.
- More than 90% of CHD events occur in patients with one or more risk factors, although CHD is uncommon in those with no risk factors.
- Lifestyle interventions are an important aspect of primary prevention of CHD.