Teenage smoking is a very different behaviour to adult smoking. GP intervention is based on the 5As model of Ask, Assess, Advise, Assist and Arrange, modified for the specific needs of adolescents. A teen-friendly counselling style that leaves the quitting decision to the teenager and focuses on short-term effects is critical.
- Many teenage smokers want to quit but are unable to do so because they have little knowledge about the quitting process and many lack the skills to quit.
- Symptoms of nicotine dependence develop in 70% of adolescents before they are smoking daily.
- One-third of teenage smokers will die prematurely from smoking-related diseases.
- GP intervention is based on the 5As model, modified for the special needs of adolescents.
- Nicotine replacement therapy should be discussed if there is nicotine dependence and a readiness to quit.
- Referring the teenager to Quitline or directing them to useful websites (e.g.www.OxyGen.org.au) should be considered.