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Feature Article

Diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer: a focus on the GP’s role

Po Yee Yip, David Barnes, Brian McCaughan, Michael Boyer

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Abstract

The lung cancer epidemic has mirrored changes in smoking patterns in Western countries and has caused innumerable deaths. Approaches to identification, diagnosis and treatment of the disease are changing and are discussed in this article.

Key Points

  • Patients with nonresolving respiratory symptoms warrant investigations to exclude malignancy.
  • Staging is the cornerstone of lung cancer prognosis, and also guides treatment.
  • Patients with lung cancer are best managed by multidisciplinary teams, often with multimodality treatment.
  • Early palliative care input for patients with advanced lung cancer improves quality of life.
  • Smoking cessation is the most effective intervention to prevent lung cancer.

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