Current concepts of low testosterone levels in ageing men
BU B. YEAP
Men with low testosterone levels have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. What is the definition of a low testosterone level and who should be treated with testosterone therapy?
Hypogonadism in men: diagnosis and treatment
True hypogonadism is uncommon but when present testosterone replacement is beneficial. However, an underlying disorder and lifestyle factors should first be considered and treated.
An update on testosterone replacement therapies
JASNA ALEKSOVA, CAROLYN A. ALLAN
Testosterone deficiency is important to recognise in men of all ages. Treatments are available with long-term efficacy and safety that improve the clinical features of androgen deficiency.
Testosterone therapy in men: ongoing management and surveillance
CAROLYN A. ALLAN
Ongoing surveillance protocols are necessary in men being treated with testosterone to ensure reversal of existing manifestations and tomonitor for adverse effects of this probably lifelong treatment.
Obesity – a growing issue for male fertility
IE-WEN SIM, ROBERT MCLACHLAN
Obesity in men is associated with hormone dysregulation, impaired sexual desire and function and possibly reduced sperm quality.