Urethritis often results from a sexually transmitted infection, and doctors must consider treating partners as well as patients. Clinical features guide immediate treatment, but testing is important to confirm the treatment is correct.
Urethritis usually refers to urethral symptoms, often resulting from sexually transmitted infection (STI) of the male urethra. Before the era of sensitive nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT), urethritis was often diagnosed by finding neutrophil polymorphs on a Gram-stained urethral smear. This is an insensitive test for the presence of infection and has been superseded by NAAT.1
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