E. coli: main cause of bacteraemia

Escherichia coli is the most common organism causing bacteraemia in Australia, states an Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care report based on data on 11,163 bacteraemia cases, many of which had their onset in the community. The Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance Sepsis Outcomes Programs: 2016 Report notes that 36.8% of bacteraemia cases were due to E. coli, 12.7% of E. coli samples had reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone and ciprofloxacin, and the percentage of hospital-onset E. coli infections resistant to fluoroquinolones rose from 13.7% in 2013 to 20.2% in 2016.

Indigenous Australians: higher risk of cancer death

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians are 1.4 times more likely to die from cancer and to be diagnosed with cancers associated with preventable risk factors than non-Indigenous Australians, according to a new AIHW web analysis. Between 2007 and 2014, Indigenous Australians diagnosed with cancer had a 50% five-year relative survival rate, compared with 65% for non-Indigenous Australians.