Secondary symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and co-occurring problems can persist in young people despite medication and be crucial to long-term prognosis. They include social, learning and behavioural difficulties and mental health problems. Psychosocial assessment and interventions such as behavioural management programs and school support are important components of treatment.
- Secondary symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), such as social, learning and behavioural difficulties, can be crucial to the long-term prognosis of young people with this condition and can persist even with pharmacological treatment.
- Co-occurring problems, especially language-based learning difficulties, can contribute to primary and secondary ADHD symptoms and influence psychological therapies.
- A comprehensive assessment to identify secondary symptoms and co-occurring problems is essential in young people with ADHD.
- Secondary symptoms and co-occurring problems vary greatly between individuals, suggesting that there is no ‘one size fits all’ psychosocial intervention.
- Treatment of ADHD is most effective when a combination of cognitive behavioural management strategies, school support and medication is used, with allied health referral when appropriate.
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