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In Brief

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Melanoma risk significantly reduced in young people using sunscreen

Analysis of data from almost 1700 Australians aged 18 to 39 years participating in the Australian Melanoma Family Study has shown that regular users of sunscreen in childhood and adulthood reduced their risk of developing melanoma by 35 to 40% compared with those rarely using sunscreen. Published in JAMA Dermatology (doi:10.1001/jamadermatol.2018.1774), the case-control study, led by University of Sydney researchers, found that regular users of sunscreen were more likely to be female, younger and of British or northern European ancestry and to have higher education levels, lighter skin pigmentation and a stronger history of blistering sunburn.

Novel resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae reported

Two cases of extensively resistant drug resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains have been reported for the first time in Australia, according to the latest report for the National Alert System for Critical Antimicrobial Resistances (CARAlert), released by the Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care. These strains are resistant to both ceftriaxone and azithromycin. A further five strains with high-level azithromycin resistance have also been reported. Since the previous six-monthly report, notifications of low-level resistance to azithromycin in N. gonorrhoeae decreased by 26%, but still accounted for 38% of all CARAlerts, the Commission noted.