Advertisement
In Brief

Newsbites

Australia’s disease burden is easing

Between 2003 and 2015 the overall health of the Australian population improved substan­tially, with an 11% decrease in the total burden of disease, a new Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report has shown. The report showed that in 2015, Australians lost 4.8 million years of healthy life (DALYs) due to living with illness (50.4% of total burden) and dying prematurely (49.6% of total burden). Modifiable risk factors, such as tobacco use, overweight and obesity and dietary risks, accounted for 38% of the burden. Chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases and musculoskeletal conditions contributed to most burden in 2015. Read the study: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/burden-of-disease/burden-disease-study-illness-death-2015/contents/table-of-contents.

One million new STI cases every day

Globally there are more than one million new cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in people aged 15 to 49 years every day, according to new WHO data. Published online in the Bulletin of the WHO, the research found that in 2016 there were 127 million new cases of chlamydia, 87 million cases of gonorrhoea, 6.3 million cases of syphilis and 156 million cases of trichomoniasis. An estimated 200,000 still births and newborn deaths in 2016 were caused by syphilis, WHO reported. There had been no substantive decline in the rates of new or existing infections since the last published data in 2012. Read the study at: www.who.int/bulletin/online_first/BLT.18.228486.pdf.