The syndromal diagnosis of epilepsy, which is based on seizure type, clinical features and EEG data, directs the further investigation of the condition and determines the choice of medication.
- The precise classification of the particular epilepsy syndrome determines the management of the patient. The seizure semiology, clinical features and EEG data define the syndrome.
- Seizures are classified as generalised or partial.
- Generalised seizures may be tonic–clonic, tonic, atonic, myoclonic or absence.
- Partial seizures are simple, complex or secondarily generalised.
- The syndromal diagnosis assists in determining the investigation plan, choice of drug management and prognosis.