Sports medicine

Why do athletes seem prone to infection?

Sports medicine

Why do athletes seem prone to infection?

Peter Fricker, David Pyne

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Abstract

This article presents a clinical approach to managing those athletes who appear to sustain more than their fair share of respiratory illness, and practical advice regarding return to training and competition.

Article Extract

Some athletes appear to sustain more than their fair share of respiratory illness, although the reasons remain unclear. How should such patients be managed?

The most common respiratory illnesses in athletes are viral and bacterial infections, asthma, allergy and noninfectious inflammation. Over the past two decades, it has been recognised that there is a link between exercise load and illness, and that the risk of illness – particularly upper respiratory illness – in adolescents and adults is increased with a bout of intense exercise, or over time with an accumulation of training.