Identifying and managing pain appropriately in children is a challenging but vital role for GPs. Both pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions can help relieve and decrease paediatric pain.
- It is essential to anticipate and pay attention to paediatric pain.
- Prompt use of pain-reduction strategies should be emphasised at the start of the physician–patient relationship.
- Pain commonly seen in the outpatient setting can be categorised as pain associated with infection, normative pains, musculoskeletal injury and pain associated with procedures.
- Paediatric pain should be treated using the World Health Organization two-step strategy.
- Children with chronic pain should be referred to a paediatric pain specialist.
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