Although a broad range of infections can damage a developing fetus or newborn infant, they do so infrequently and many are preventable. Accurate diagnosis is needed to determine appropriate management.
- Infectious diseases that occur during pregnancy can infect and damage the fetus or neonate, although this happens infrequently.
- Accurate diagnosis of maternal and fetal infections is needed to determine appropriate management.
- Maternal infections are often asymptomatic or cause mild, nonspecific illness; however, some can be more severe due to anatomical and/or physiological changes that occur in late pregnancy.
- Routine antenatal screening is recommended for the presence of, or susceptibility to, a small number of infections for which a safe, effective intervention (i.e. immunisation or treatment) is available, to reduce maternal or fetal/newborn risk.
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