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Cutaneous infections and infestations are common in children; the key to their diagnosis is a positive culture or scraping to confirm infection and/or response to anti-infective agents.
- Although impetigo is usually due to Staphylococcus aureus, certain groups (including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people) are particularly susceptible to group A Streptococcus infections.
- Children with recurrent S. aureus infections are usually carriers of this bacterium.
- Not all cases of folliculitis are due to S. aureus; Pseudomonas aeruginosa acquired from contaminated water or bath toys may be responsible.
- Most acute genital infections in children are due to group A Streptococcus.
- Tinea capitis is a childhood condition, which may at times present with an inflammatory mass.
- Genital warts in children should always be a cause for concern.
- Scabies is often a very difficult diagnosis to make; it is often mistaken for dermatitis.