Evidence-based management of nonspecific low back pain involves reassurance about a favourable prognosis, advice to maintain daily activities and stay active, and the prescribing of simple analgesic medications.
- Low back pain is one of the most common and costly musculoskeletal conditions treated in primary care.
- Patients accessing primary care for low back pain should be screened for serious pathologies such as cancer, fracture and systemic diseases, but these conditions are very rare in such patients.
- Evidence supports the providing of reassurance about a likely good prognosis and advice to stay active, and the prescribing of simple analgesia. Most patients recover well when treated in this manner.
- Routine imaging and bed rest are not recommended.