The diagnosis and management of multiple sclerosis (MS) are rapidly evolving areas. Although patients with MS are best managed by a multidisciplinary team, GPs have a pivotal role in their diagnosis and co-ordinating their management.
- Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the leading cause of nontraumatic neurological disability in young Australians.
- The presentation of MS is clinically heterogeneous.
- The diagnosis of MS continues to depend on proving dissemination of pathology in time and space.
- MRI has become increasingly important to both diagnosing and managing patients with MS.
- Multiple disease-modifying therapies are available in Australia for the treatment of relapsing-remitting MS, with different modes of action, efficacy, side effects and monitoring requirements.
- Symptomatic management is important in all forms of MS to treat residual neurological deficits.