ENT clinic

Hoarseness: a patient profile-based guide to diagnosis and management

MEET SHETH, DANIEL NOVAKOVIC

Figures

© Andrey Zhuravlev/ stock.adobe.com Model used for illustrative purposes only
© Andrey Zhuravlev/ stock.adobe.com Model used for illustrative purposes only

Abstract

Hoarseness of voice is a common symptom with many possible causes, and thorough history taking is essential to identify the underlying aetiology. Persistent hoarseness requires prompt evaluation, especially for professional voice users, such as singers and teachers, and high-risk individuals showing red flag signs. An array of office-based diagnostic and therapeutic tools is now available for managing laryngeal disorders.

Article Extract

Dysphonia is defined as any impairment of voice production. Hoarseness is a symptom that is considered to be a subset of dysphonia and refers to a perceived rough, harsh or breathy quality to the voice.1 About a third of the world’s population experiences hoarseness during their lifetime.2,3 A wide array of causes, ranging from structural lesions secondary to misuse or overuse of the voice, infections, premalignant and malignant disorders, and neurolaryngeal problems, can cause changes in voice.