The critical components of management of concussion include making an accurate diagnosis and determining when players have recovered so that they can safely return to competition.
Head trauma is a common occurrence in many sports and recreational pursuits. Recent figures from the USA estimate approximately 1.6 to 3.8 million cases of sports- and recreation-related head injury each year. In Australia, common participation sports such as Australian rules football, rugby league and rugby union have high rates of head injury. The reported incidence of concussion in these sports is in excess of five concussive injuries per 1000 player hours, which equates to over five concussions per team per season.