The hallmark of acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas, typically manifesting with severe upper abdominal pain.
- In Australia, the most common causes of acute pancreatitis are gallstones and alcohol.
- The key initial investigations are a serum amylase level, a full blood count and liver function tests.
- The dynamic contrast-enhanced abdominal CT is the investigation of choice for local complications.
- All patients with confirmed acute pancreatitis should be referred (and admitted) to hospital without delay.