The management of adolescents with asthma is challenging and recognition of their developmental context and psychosocial factors plays an important role in appropriate diagnosis and treatment.
- Clarity of diagnosis is important to inform appropriate management of adolescents with asthma.
- Exercise-related symptoms are common in the adolescent age group and may be caused by a variety of underlying factors not related to asthma.
- See the young person alone for at least part of the consultation, and provide reassurance regarding privacy and confidentiality.
- Provide and discuss an asthma action plan with every change of treatment.
- Red flags for high-risk asthma include poor asthma control, adherence issues, under recognition of illness, psychosocial stressors, risk-taking behaviour and communication barriers.