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Feature Article

Eye strain: focus on causes and treatment

Frank Martin, JOHN GULLOTTA, MARA GIRIBALDI, Chris Hodge

Figures

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© SEBRA/STOCK.ADOBE.COM MODEL USED FOR ILLUSTRATIVE PURPOSES ONLY

Abstract

Eye strain is relatively common and can have a major impact on work or study. GPs are ideally placed to assess contributing factors, exclude potentially serious conditions that have similar symptoms and facilitate specialist referral.

Key Points

  • Eye strain (asthenopia) is relatively common across all age groups and can lead to a range of nonspecific symptoms, including ocular fatigue, discomfort, tearing, blurred vision, diplopia and headaches.
  • Patients with eye strain often present to a GP as the initial point of care.
  • It is important for GPs to exclude potentially serious conditions that present with similar symptoms and require immediate referral and treatment.
  • After eye strain is diagnosed, contributing causes may not be readily apparent and investigation of both ocular and general health may be required.
  • GPs are well placed to guide the general care and referral pathway for patients with eye strain.
  • A combined approach involving the GP, ophthalmologist and other specialists may be required.

Figures

© SEBRA/STOCK.ADOBE.COM MODEL USED FOR ILLUSTRATIVE PURPOSES ONLY
© SEBRA/STOCK.ADOBE.COM MODEL USED FOR ILLUSTRATIVE PURPOSES ONLY