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Feature Article

Acute monoarthritis: what should one do?

Les Cleland, Vidya Limaye, Rachel Black

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Abstract

A number of conditions may present as acute monoarthritis, and treatment will ultimately depend on the underlying diagnosis.

Key Points

  • A number of conditions may present as acute monoarthritis; however, the three important or common causes in adults are infection, trauma and crystal deposition disease.
  • The history of a patient should initially focus on the joint symptoms and the treating doctor should enquire about the quality, time of onset and duration of the pain, as well as aggravating and relieving factors.
  • Treatment will ultimately depend on the underlying diagnosis.

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